Want to know all about the difference between antibody and antigen tests? Then this blog will clear all your doubts.
What is an Antibody?
Antibody refers to specific Y-shaped protein structures which are produced by our immune system as a way to protect our body from foreign pathogens such as bacteria as well as viruses. These tissues are used to protect our body from any kind of infection and viral disease.
What is an Antigen?
Antigens are specific types of molecules or particles that activate an immune response when detected by our antibodies. The particles can be viral proteins, any part of viral DNA, or other foreign substances. The response caused by this foreign particle is generally mild headache, fever, and inflammation which we all have experienced at one time or the other in our lifetime. There are many good facilities where you can reach out for the COVID test in Gurgaon. To know more about the COVID test in Gurgaon, visit SpiceHealth.
Types of COVID- 19 Screening Test
Testing is the most important thing when it comes to putting a brake on the spread of viruses. Not just testing is important for individuals but it is also important for scientists to come up with an action plan to have a permanent cure for this deadly disease. To speed up the testing, the government has opened many centers for COVID tests in Gurgaon, Delhi, and other cities of India. But first, let’s cast light on the types of tests available for COVID.
1. RT-PCR test
The very first test in our list is the RT-PCR test which is also known as Real-Time Polymer Chain Reaction Test. It is known to be the most accurate test to detect the presence of the COVID virus in the body. Not just this, in the early stage of the COVID virus spread, this was the only test available. The test procedure usually involves collecting the sample via swab from the person’s throat and nose and then this sample was tested in a laboratory to check if the virus is present in the body or not. However, the whole process takes time which delays the test report.
2. Rapid Antibody Test
The next test on our list is a rapid antibody test which is generally used for mass screening. In this test, specialists look for antibodies in the patient’s or victim’s blood sample. However, this test is not that accurate. If you got the positive report in the rapid antibody test then the next part involves treatment, isolation, and assessment. However, if you got a negative result then the health practitioner will advise you to go for the RT-PCR Covid test. There are many centers where you can easily book an appointment for the COVID test in Gurgaon, Delhi, and other major cities.
3. Antigen Testing
Lastly, we have antigen testing which is also used for mass testing. It is the most recent coronavirus screening, and it detects coronavirus proteins. The antigen testing has the same approach as the RT-PCR test. A swab is used to collect the samples from the patient’s nose and throat. However, compared to RT-PCR testing, this test won’t take much time. The result of this test hardly takes 15 to 20 minutes. If you got a positive report then the next step is isolation, treatment, and assessment. Further, if you got a negative test report, then it is good to go for the RT-PCR test as this test can be inaccurate. Antigen testing is less expensive and can provide results faster than RT PCR.
Difference Between Antibody and Antigen Test
Antibody tests identify antibodies in an individual’s serum or blood to determine if they’ve been subjected to the disease. On the other hand, an antigen test determines whether a person is contaminated with a disease, such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The antigen vanishes once the disease is gone. Both the tests are employed for mass screening, however, accuracy is a major concern with this test.
That’s all! Now you know all about the COVID antibody and antigen test. If you have any kind of symptoms, then it is better to get yourself registered at a facility, especially for the COVID test in Gurgaon.